Economic and trade cooperation between administrative divisions at various levels in China and their counterparts in the United States is an important component of Sino-American economic and trade cooperation. Since April 2013, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce has been actively promoting the economic and trade cooperation between administrative divisions in China and those in the United States by establishing task forces to facilitate such cooperation on a case by case basis. To date, the Ministry of Commerce has established the "Task Force on Cooperation in Investment between Chinese Provinces and California" by bringing 6 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities (Jiangsu Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shanghai Municipality, Shandong Province, Guangdong Province, and Chongqing Municipality) and California together (with Hebei Province being placed under the task force later); created the "Task Force on Cooperation in Trade and Investment between Chinese Cities and Chicago" by bringing 8 Chinese cities (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Qingdao, Shenyang, Hangzhou, Wuhan, and Chengdu) and Chicago together; set up the "Task Force on Cooperation in Investment between Chinese Provinces and Iowa" by bringing 4 Chinese provinces (Hebei Province, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province, and Heilongjiang Province) and Iowa together; and established the "Task Force on Cooperation between Chinese Provinces and Texas" by bringing 5 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities (Tianjin Municipality, Fujian Province, Jiangsu Province, Sichuan Province, and Shandong Province) and Texas together.

On September 9, 2014, Zhang Xiangchen, Assistant to the Chinese Minister of Commerce, and Rick Perry, Governor of Texas, signed the Memorandum on Cooperation between Chinese Provinces and Texas. It was decided by the two sides that Ministerial Assistant Zhang and Gov. Rick Perry respectively represented that as a representative from the industry, China International Contractors Association would assume the role of secretariat under the Task Force on Cooperation between Chinese Provinces and Texas on the Chinese side of the relationship, and that as a representative from the industry, the Economic Development and Tourism Division of the Governor's Office of Texas (or the EDT Division for short) would do the same on the American side of the relationship. It was also decided that each secretariat will fulfill such functions as maintaining day-to-day communication and exchanges of information with the other side, promoting the carrying out of various commerce projects, and organizing all sorts of commerce activities.

China International Contractors Association will serve as the Chinese Secretariat under the task force. The Chinese Secretariat will build an ever-increasing business network that links government agencies, industry organizations, educational and research institutions on one side to those on the other side, and will forge more alliances and create more projects to cooperate on between the two sides, with a view to serving whoever or whatever it is supposed to serve in the Chinese provinces and in Texas; the Chinese Secretariat will collaborate with the Texan Secretariat on human resources projects with the aim of helping the staff of each office increase their knowledge, improve their skills, and learn the best practices in areas such as economic and industry development, policy research, training, and project approval.

The EDT Division will serve as the Texan Secretariat under the task force. Trying to build Texas into an area perfectly suited to accommodating world-class business places and tourist attractions, the Texan Secretariat will deem it one of its main goals to help the state create new jobs and open up more opportunities to export; moreover, the Texan Secretariat will establish partnerships with relevant local authorities, chambers of commerce, and private tourism-related businesses with the aim of making more contributions to Texas's economic prosperity.